Foundation Study 3
What do the following verses say about Jesus Christ?
1. Colossians 1:15
Jesus is eternally preexistent (Colossians 1:17; John 1:1–2, 8:58). He existed before creation. He was already in existence as a member of the Godhead before time began. His birth was His entrance onto the stage of humanity, not the beginning of His existence.
2. Colossians 1:16
Jesus is the Creator of all things (John 1:3, 1:10; Romans 11:36; 1 Corinthians 8:6; Hebrews 1:2). Jesus created all that exists. He is the agent through whom God created all that is. Jesus displays his glory through His role as Creator, not just Redeemer.
3. John 1:1
Jesus is God. He is referenced as God (Philippians 2:6; John 10:33), the exact representation of God (Hebrews 1:3), the image of God (Colossians 1:15), the bodily expression of God (Colossians 2:9), equal with God (John 5:18), the fullness of God (Colossians 1:19), and possessing the authority of God (Luke 5:20–26).
4. Matthew 1:18
Jesus was born of a virgin (Matthew 1:22–24; Luke 1:35). The virgin birth of Jesus Christ accomplished two things. First, it revealed Jesus to be the fulfillment of the Old Testament Messianic prophecy (Isaiah 7:14). Second, it enabled Jesus to become the Savior of humanity. Only a virgin birth allows for a sinless substitute since our sin nature transmits through conception (Psalm 51:5). Only perfect (sinless) (Hebrews 4:15) human (Hebrews 10:4) blood (Hebrews 9:22) could provide a "once for all time" (Hebrews 10:10) substitutional sacrifice for humanity (Hebrews 2:14–15).
5. Luke 7:18-23
Jesus is supernatural. He possessed supernatural powers, extraordinary compassion, and unmatched love. He displayed power over death (John 11:40–44; Luke 7:11–17; Mark 5:41), demons (Mark 5:9–13; Luke 4:35), sickness and infirmities (Matthew 4:24, 8:16, 9:35, 12:15). He demonstrated authority over storms (Mark 4:35–41), and other natural limitations (Luke 9:10–17). He revealed His glory through his transformation (Luke 9:28–36). He demonstrated compassion for the lonely (John 5:6), love for the isolated (John 4:9), comfort for the grieving (John 4:49–50), and forgiveness for the guilty (John 8:11). All this represents only a summary of what He did (John 21:25).
6. Hebrews 4:15
Jesus is sinless. (2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 John 3:5; 1 Peter 1:19, 2:22; Hebrews 7:26– 27). His sinlessness is a testimony to His divine nature, causes Him to be merciful towards our sins, and enabled Him to serve as a substitutional sacrifice for the sins of humanity.
7. 1 Corinthians 15:3-4
Jesus died for our sins and rose from death. His death defeats our sin, and his resurrection defeats our death.
- He died for our sins (1 Peter 2:24; Isaiah 53:5; Hebrews 9:28; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Romans 3:25, 4:25; Galatians 3:13; John 1:29; Matthew 1:21). Jesus’s death was substitutional; it was on our behalf; sacrificial. He took our punishment. It was atoning; it provides reconciliation and results in forgiveness for believers (Romans 5:15).
- He arose from death (Matthew 16:21, 28:5–7; Acts 2:24, 2:32, 3:15, 4:10, 5:30, 10:40). His resurrection proves His identity (Romans 1:4) and defeats the power of death (1 Corinthians 6:14, 15:54–57). It marks God's acceptance of the sacrifice of Christ (Hebrews 10:12). It also enables the believer to trust in eternal life confidently. (Romans 10:9) His resurrection was not a secret or hidden event, but rather attested to by an abundance of eyewitnesses over an extended period in various locations (1 Corinthians 15:5–8; 1 John 1:1–4).
Resource: See The resurrection for more information.
8. John 14:6
Jesus is the only way to God (John 1:51, 10:9; Acts 4:12, 10:43; 1 Timothy 2:5; 1 John 5:12). Faith in Jesus alone is the only means by which a person can receive forgiveness, be granted eternal life, and experience a right relationship with God. That said, salvation through Christ is available to anyone, anywhere, anytime (Romans 10:13).
9. Acts 1:9-11
Jesus ascended to heaven and will return (Matthew 16:27; 1 Corinthians 1:7; Luke 17:30; Philippians 3:20; Colossians 3:4; 1 Timothy 6:14). Jesus remained in His resurrected state for forty days and then supernaturally ascended to heaven. He will return, not as the suffering servant (Mark 10:44) but as the ruling King (Revelation 19:11–13), to fully establish His kingdom by ruling, judging, and reigning forever (Daniel 7:13–14).
10. Romans 8:34
Jesus is interceding for believers (Hebrews 7:25). Jesus' seated position at the right hand of God indicates the finality of his redemptive work. He is continually praying for believers by defending us against Satan's accusations (Revelation 12:10). He rightly claims to have permanently paid the price for all sins (past, present, and future) (Hebrews 9:12).
Which verse meant the most to you? Explain.